Effect of hot rolling parameters on recovery mechanism in 436 (17%Cr, Nb-Mo) ferritic stainless steel
Ferritic stainless steel (FSS) grades are widely used for applications that require high strength and corrosion resistance. Their cost and versatility in the steel market have attracted a lot of interest from both industry and academic research. Despite their desirable properties, these steels grades experience surface defects as a result of microstructural evolution that evolves due to softening mechanism. The current study simulated the roughing hot rolling processes of AISI 436 (17%Cr, Nb-Mo) FSS to study the effects of inter-pass time and strain on the precipitation behaviour and the softening mechanisms in 436 FSS. The softening mechanisms and the resulting microstructures were investigated using SEM-EBSD technique. The results revealed Particle Stimulated Nucleation of new grains during the simulated roughing rolling which promoted recrystallisation due to strain accumulation. Stored deformation energy was found to increase with an increase in interpass time and strain.